Plants of Polish Lowland Flora

Zdjęcie flory niżowej Polski

The collection of all species of angiosperms, gymnosperms and ferns that appear naturally in the wild in Poland are called “Flora of Polish Vascular Plants”. There are almost 3000 species of these plants in Poland. Many factors have influenced the structure of our flora. Virtually all species that grew in Poland’s territory during the glacier era, which lasted for around million years, became extinct. When the climate was gradually getting warmer and the glacier was retreating plants from the warmer parts of Europe started their journey to the north. Forest, steppe and peat bog plants appeared in Poland that way. Another important factor influencing our flora was hu­mans who settled there. People imported useful plants from different parts of the world and along with them coincidental species came and they got domesticated or ran wild entering natural habitats. In order to present to visitors plants characteristic for Polish lowlands a section of Polish lowland flora has been established. It includes around 250 species (no X on the map). Plants have been grouped according to their families. They grow on irregular plots on the lawn. One can find there such common plants as Common Chicory (Cichorium intybus) with its blue flowers that open only with the sunny weather or those rare and protected like for example Western Marsh Orchid (Dactylorhiza majalis) – an orchid that blooms on marshy meadows in spring.