Useful and Medicinal Plants
Regular flower beds of the Plant Systematics Section harmonise with the useful plants’ section (no IV on the map). Both species appearing in the wild and the ones created through the selection of varieties are presented there. They either used to serve people or they are still used by humans as food or industrial raw materials. Medicinal plants are collected in a separate section (no VII on the map). The representatives of particular species are gathered in groups selected in accordance with their healing proprieties. The section’s structure resembles gardens of Medieval monasteries. Monastic gardens were small, fenced, medicinal-plant-only gardens. While designed on a square plan they had a very regular pattern. Individual plant species were planted on separate flower beds grouped in small plots. Today’s botanic gardens originated from those medicinal monastic gardens.